The One Planet visitor centre at the Jinshan development in Panyu since opening in 2008 has been a great success, attracting more than 4000 visitors to date. Our project partner, China Merchants Property Development, has now opened a second visitor centre on the ground floor of their new head office in Shenzhen. The Headquarter offices themselves have been built to a very high environmental performance specification- LEED Gold equivalent.
China Merchants Property Development have won one of five UN-Habitat green business awards for their Jinshan project which incorporates the 10 One Planet principles. Workshops are now planned for the next phase which is hoped will become a fully endorsed One Planet Community.
More information about Jinshan can be found here.
A community applying the One Planet principles
Jinshan (The Hills) is a mixed use community comprising 8,000 homes, a school, offices, live-work
units, a community centre, leisure facilities, green spaces and wetlands, developed by China Merchants Property Development (CMPD) near the city of Guangzhou. The first two phases of residential construction are complete and a third is in progress. The final residential phase will commence early in 2010 along with the commercial and retail park.
CMPD are one of the largest property developers in China with a track record in sustainable buildings, having completed China’s first LEED Silver residential development in 2005. At Jinshan they are building on this experience to achieve 65% reduction in energy demand and 50% reduction in water demands from a 1990 baseline.
Key strategies to achieve these targets at Jinshan include installing solar thermal panels on roof areas to provide hot water for homes and using water source heat pumps to provide cooling for the new commercial buildings. Grey water treatment using reed beds was trialled during the first residential phase and, having proved successful, is now being scaled up to manage grey water for the commercial development. Rainwater collection, permeable paving and green roofs will also be applied to commercial buildings as part of the site wide sustainable urban drainage system. These onsite measures should reduce water consumption by 36,000m3 per year.
By incorporating office and commercial space for 200 businesses, Jinshan should result in 30% less travel compared with neighbouring communities (which are predominantly residential) reducing transport emissions by 3,200 tonnes of CO2 per year. Furthermore, a novel approach to encouraging a walkable community at Jinshan has seen the removal of cars at ground level by constructing car parks and access underground and encouraging walking and cycling around the site. BioRegional and CMPD have also been lobbying local government to develop a metro station close to Jinshan.
The community centre provides a focus for communal activities and provision of information for residents and workers, for example day care, vocational training, transport information, leisure and cultural events and a swap store.
The Zero Carbon target has been the most challenging of the 10 One Planet principles to achieve at Jinshan and BioRegional continues to work with CPMD to explore financially and technologically viable technologies, for example anaerobic digestion, to achieve the zero carbon during the next decade.
On September 9th BioRegional signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Chongqing Municipal Government at the UN sponsored Annual China Economic Forum. The MoU is for the development of a One Planet Community on a 30 hectare site in the north of Chongqing, within China’s 5th and newest ‘Special Economic Zone’ (others are Shanghai Pudong, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Dalian). The project is also listed under the UK China Sustainable Cities MoU, updated in July 2010.
The team in China is currently working with RHS (a Chongqing based architectural and urban planning practice) to complete the concept planning stage. Once the concept has been approved by the Municipal Government a developer will be appointed and the detailed design process can begin. We will assemble an experienced design team able to present a solution that will enable One Planet Living; the team will comprise RHS, Chongqing University, AECOM (to lead engineering solutions) and UCL’s Bartlett School of Architecture (critical design support).
We have lots of exciting ideas for the project, including a professional training centre for built environment professionals and academics that will link leading academic research from Universities in China, Europe and the US with professional best practice in China’s real estate sector.
News of the MoU has been greeted with considerable interest both in China and the UK, and has featured in a number of national and local television programmes and newspaper articles.
And if that wasn’t exciting enough – we are entering into negotiations with China Merchants Property Development with a view to endorsing the final phase of Jinshan ‘The Hills’ as China’s first One Planet Community. If the project progresses as planned, BioRegional will be working closely with the appointed design team at RMJM Architects to ensure the plans meet the Common International Targets.
For the next few months the team will be working with potential investors. If you are interested in learning more about the investment opportunities or participating in the project please contact Alastair McMahon (firstname.lastname@example.org +86 136 583 111 45).
A new United Nations report, TRENDS IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION, identifies 8 case studies of sustainable communities around the world – and 6 of the 8 are One Planet Communities! Sonoma Mountain Village, Mata de Sesimbra, Masdar City, Barangaroo, Panyu Jinshan, and BedZED all earn mention.The report was produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat.
Download Report (13MB)
These projects are using the 10 One Planet principles to guide their approach to sustainability but they have not been granted endorsed status by BioRegional:
|Sibaya, South Africa||Riverside One, UK|
|Jinshan, China||Masdar City, UAE|
|Barangaroo, Australia||5×4 Hayes Lane Project, Australia|
|The Commons, Australia||Villages Nature, France|